If you have a personal history of adenoma(s) or a significant family history of colon cancer, your doctor may refer you directly for colonoscopy. You may also be referred for colonoscopy following an abnormal fecal immunochemical test. In both cases, a patient coordinator in your community will discuss the procedure with you.

Colonoscopy is a procedure where a doctor uses a flexible tube with a miniature camera attached to view the inside lining of your rectum and colon. During the test, the doctor can find and remove most polyps and some cancers.